|Statement||by Francis M. Bond.|
|Series||Forest products laboratory series, Bulletin / U.S. Dept. of Agriculture. Forest Service -- 126, Bulletin (United States. Forest Service) -- 126.|
|LC Classifications||SD11 .A2 no. 126|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||92 p., 7 leaves of plates (some folded) :|
|Number of Pages||92|
|LC Control Number||13000534|
Download Crossties full book in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format, get it for read on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Crossties full free pdf books. This banner text can have markup.. web; books; video; audio; software; images; Toggle navigation. Experiments in the preservative treatment of red-oak and hard-maple crossties / By Francis M. Bond. Abstract. Mode of access: Internet Topics: Wood, Railroad ties. Publisher: Washington, D.C Author: Francis M. Bond. Creosote is a category of carbonaceous chemicals formed by the distillation of various tars and pyrolysis of plant-derived material, such as wood or fossil fuel. They are typically used as preservatives or antiseptics. Some creosote types were used historically as a treatment for components of seagoing and outdoor wood structures to prevent rot (e.g., bridgework and railroad ties, see image).
This study was designed to determine if steam heating and subsequent preservative treatment had any effect on the compressive strength perpendicular to grain of two hardwoods, red oak (Quercus rubra), and sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua L.). Additionally, the impact of steaming and treatment on red oak samples in bending was determined. Zen and the Art of Guitar - A Path to Guitar Artistry, Book & CD, Jeff Peretz Experiments in the Preservative Treatment of Red-Oak and Hard-Maple Crossties (), Francis M. Bond TITLE NOT SUPPLIED Principles of Management Accounting - Bundle, Oupsa. Red oak 0 White oak 0 a Creosote, CuNap = cooper naphthenate, TimBor = borate b Average AWPA rating (10 = no deterioration, 0 = failure) The inoculated decay fungi did become established in the ties not pre-treated with borate. Most of the borate-creosote or borate-copper naphthenate ties, and some of the red oak and. A study was designed to examine the practical effects on bending and compression perpendicular to the grain of heating and treatment with preservative agents. Red oak and sweetgum were steamed to.
Effect of accelerated weathering on discoloration and roughness of finished ash wood surfaces in comparison with red oak and hard maple Article in Progress in Organic Coatings 71(4) On the Janka hardness scale -- a scale that ranks wood for hardness, hickory is the hardest of all domestic hardwoods, ranking at 1, Hard maple ranks 1,, while red oak ranks 1, Poplar ranks on the low end of the scale. Grain patterns also indicate the wood's hardness. Highlights Weathering behavior of ash, red oak, and hard maple wood was studied. Samples were treated with several coats of satin and high gloss polyurethane. Samples were exposed to artificial weathering cycles with water and without water. Both UV light and water spray applications, ash wood showed similarly to maple. Only UV light application, ash wood displayed a higher level of . Performance of Western Softwood Species as Crossties in Mainline Railroad Track (Miller and Houghton for AWPA ) Boultonizing Process () Proceedings of the 65th AWPA Meeting (Denver, April ) The Vapor Drying Process (Hudson, patent filed ) Experiments in the Preservative Treatment of Red-Oak and Hard-Maple Crossties (Bond ).